Dear Collage Dorofeev. The main artist of “AIF” started with a can of glue

Weekly “Arguments and Facts” № 47. Why there are fewer fish, birds and animals 24/11/2021

We continue to acquaint you with & nbsp; journalists who have been working in & nbsp; “ AiF '' for many years. Today it is chief artist Andrey Dorofeev .

Between the rocket and the & nbsp; newspaper

Yulia Shigareva, AiF: & nbsp; & mdash; & nbsp; A traditional question: how did you & nbsp; end up in the & nbsp; edition of AiF?

Andrey Dorofeev : & nbsp; & mdash; & nbsp; There was such a period in the & nbsp; late USSR, dubbed the 'press boom'. Gorbachev proclaimed the “ era of glasnost '', the censorship framework weakened. Circulations of & nbsp; many publications immediately grew, because it was possible to publish “ sharp '' materials. If with & nbsp; articles in & nbsp; & laquo; AiF & raquo; that period was all good, then & nbsp; with & nbsp; main illustration & nbsp; & mdash; the one on the & nbsp; cover, & nbsp; & mdash; there were problems. At & nbsp; that & nbsp; time I was a member of the club of cartoonists of the newspaper Moskovsky Komsomolets. It was my hobby & nbsp; & mdash; draw cartoons. Somehow, representatives of AiF came to the & nbsp; meeting of the club and & nbsp; offered to make a cover for them. The main condition was & nbsp; what to do it & nbsp; need in & nbsp; collage technique. In & nbsp; our days, the word collage will no longer surprise anyone, and & nbsp; at & nbsp; that & nbsp; time it was so exotic that when I & nbsp; already worked in the & nbsp; editorial office and & nbsp; signed my work & nbsp; collage A. & nbsp; Dorofeev & raquo;, readers sent me letters that begin : 'Dear Collage Dorofeev …' We thought it was the name.

Bush's legs. Photo: & nbsp; from the personal archive of Andrey Dorofeev

So, editor-in-chief Vladislav Starkov , a very progressive person, wanted to make the collage a corporate identity for AiF. On & nbsp; my fear, I & nbsp; agreed to try, although & nbsp; had no idea what to do. In & nbsp; “ AiF '' they gave out a jar with & nbsp; rubber glue, the address of the TASS photo chronicle (then the collages were glued manually from & nbsp; photographs, there were no computers) and & nbsp; carte blanche for the & nbsp; idea, but & nbsp; so that it was “sharper”. And & nbsp; collage turned out. The plot was simple, but & nbsp; relevant. Venus de Milosskaya stands on the & nbsp; background of empty store shelves and & nbsp; covers her beauty with the Soviet ruble. And & nbsp; the signature came up: “ In & nbsp; the deficit is everything except money. ''

& mdash; & nbsp; And & nbsp; what was & nbsp; was the result of the first pancake?

& mdash; & nbsp; Stunning. The cover was too sharp. From & nbsp; vigilant readers came two bags of profanity letters. They even complained to the & nbsp; Central Committee & nbsp; KPSS that “ the collage is a monstrous insult to our country, food for anti-Sovietists and & nbsp; spiteful critics. ''

& mdash; & nbsp; And & nbsp; what did the editors do?

& mdash; & nbsp; Offered a full-time position of the artist. But & nbsp; I & nbsp; for a long time didn & nbsp; dare. & Nbsp; I had an interesting job & nbsp; & mdash; designed toroidal tanks for spacecraft. Then there was not yet & nbsp; there was “ Roskosmos '', but & nbsp; there was a powerful Ministry of General Machine Building, and & nbsp; the space industry was developing well. Rocket engineering and & nbsp; spacecraft development were my main specialties & nbsp; & mdash; I'm a & nbsp; MAI graduate.

Gennady Zyuganov. Photo: & nbsp; from the personal archive of Andrey Dorofeev >

& mdash; & nbsp; On & nbsp; Volokolamsk highway from & nbsp; on the right side of the road is MAI, with & nbsp; left & nbsp; & mdash; Stroganov Art School. In & nbsp; my time, I went to the right. Although I really wanted to go to the left. I liked to draw. But! Firstly, at the & nbsp; MAI it was necessary to pass only two exams: physics and & nbsp; mathematics. Secondly, there was a military department: you can get an officer's rank and & nbsp; immediately go to the & nbsp; reserve. I will say right away that I still had to serve. But & nbsp; about & nbsp; I do not regret it. The Aviation Institute gave a broad outlook. Academician Mishin & nbsp; & mdash; First Deputy Sergei Korolev … I remember that the curator of our first year said that studying at the MAI would be easy for those who draw well and play chess well. Chess & nbsp; & mdash; to find the correct moves and & nbsp; drawing & nbsp; & mdash; to capture the beauty of the Earth from & nbsp; space, as cosmonaut Leonov did. I & nbsp; was delighted (I played chess well too). True, only one graduate flew into space from & nbsp; & nbsp; & nbsp; & mdash; Fedor Yurchikhin … So retraining from & nbsp; engineers to & nbsp; artists was not & nbsp; daunting. The hardest part was from the & nbsp; “ amateur league '' go to & nbsp; & quot; professional & quot ;.

& mdash; & nbsp; That & nbsp; is?

& mdash; & nbsp; Amateur works in & nbsp; pleasure. Inspiration has come & nbsp; & mdash; do not & nbsp; came & nbsp; & mdash; rest. A & nbsp; professional should always do his job. There is such a Dunning effect & nbsp; & mdash; Kruger: when a person overestimates his capabilities due to the fact that he does not have enough experience. That & nbsp; the same happened and & nbsp; at & nbsp; me when I came to work in & nbsp; “ AiF ''. The covers had to be invented on a weekly basis! In addition, I had to do a lot of other work, invisible to the layman. So for the first two years, to be honest, every day I wanted to quit.

“ Near Lukomorye … '' Boris Yeltsin, Tatiana Dyachenko, Boris Berezovsky. Photo: & nbsp; from the personal archive of Andrey Dorofeev And & nbsp; what stopped?

& mdash; & nbsp; GKChP! In & nbsp; those & nbsp; years the newspaper was made in a printing house using the & nbsp; technology of the “ Stone Age ''. Almost as & nbsp; as, for & nbsp; for example, Lenin's “ Iskra '' was typeset & nbsp; & mdash; hot set. The letters were cast from & nbsp; lead on a & nbsp; linotype machine. And & nbsp; pictures were etched on & nbsp; zinc clichés. So, the Gekachepists first of all “ turned off '' edition from & nbsp; typography. There was nowhere to print the next issue. This negative experience pushed the editors towards & nbsp; progress & nbsp; & mdash; it was decided to carry out computerization and & nbsp; typeset the newspaper ourselves. This gave me & nbsp; my first computer and & nbsp; the opportunity to finally forget about the jar of & nbsp; glue.

& mdash; & nbsp; Is it true that you & nbsp; became the first computer artist in our & nbsp; country?

& mdash; & nbsp; With & nbsp; 100% certainty I cannot say & nbsp;, but & nbsp; in the & nbsp; number of pioneers was for sure. Now it's easy to master Photoshop: either go to the & nbsp; courses, or watch YouTube. And & nbsp; in the early 90s, there was neither & nbsp; nor & nbsp;. The & nbsp; computer, which was brought to me from & nbsp; California, came with three pieces of paper with & nbsp; instructions on how to work on it. And & nbsp; that's all. This is where engineering education came in handy. And & nbsp; I published the first computer collage in & nbsp; May 1992 & nbsp; The plot was as follows: a man stands in a & nbsp; basin, pours ink into it and & nbsp; falls asleep there & nbsp; the same pack of salt. Under the basin & nbsp; & mdash; map of the Black Sea. And & nbsp; signature: “ It's time for vacations. '' Then, because of hyperinflation, no & nbsp; about & nbsp; what kind of vacation on the & nbsp; sea you could & nbsp; not & nbsp; dream.

Alexander Pochinok. Photo: from the personal archive of Andrey Dorofeev

Like, not & nbsp; like

& mdash; & nbsp; You & nbsp; at that & nbsp; time had a lot of critical illustrations with & nbsp; politicians. There were arrivals?

& mdash; & nbsp; It was different. In & nbsp; one of the former Soviet republics, because of a collage, the next issue of the newspaper was withdrawn from the sale: flew on an airplane carpet in the & nbsp;Yeltsi n in & nbsp; surrounded by the presidents of the republics of the CIS & nbsp; & mdash; then the ruble zone was formed. For Russia, this was an acceptable level of freedom of speech, for one of the & nbsp; republics & nbsp; & mdash; no. At & nbsp; another time, a deputy of a well-known faction filed a lawsuit. But & nbsp; before the & nbsp; court, the case did not & nbsp; came & nbsp; & mdash; the fraction of him & nbsp; and & nbsp; stopped. In the & nbsp; dashing 90s, they took me out of the & nbsp; edition in a & nbsp; car for several days. Because there was a black Volga in front of the gate. with & nbsp; representatives of one ethnic group. With & nbsp; they then “ grinded everything. '' But & nbsp; more often just expressed dissatisfaction.

It was & nbsp; different. Once I & nbsp; portrayed the head of the tax service Alexander Pochinok in the & nbsp; form of Freddy Krueger's horror character with & nbsp; signature: “ Pay taxes and & nbsp; live! '' So he & nbsp; asked to print the circulation of this picture and & nbsp; hang it & nbsp; in the & nbsp; offices of the tax service, apparently to improve tax collection. In his time, General Alexander Lebed spoke out about my collages in an army-like straightforward manner: They either like or not & nbsp; like & raquo ;.

Anatoly Chubais. Photo: & nbsp; & nbsp; from the personal archive of Andrey Dorofeev

& mdash; & nbsp; Is & nbsp; is it true that the poet Andrei Voznesensky called your collage style post-surrealism?

& mdash; & nbsp; Voznesensky himself made compositions, which he called videomes. It's more of an abstraction, but & nbsp; with & nbsp; lyric elements. I & nbsp; with & nbsp; his work is familiar & nbsp; & mdash; made as an artist his collection of poems and & nbsp; video “ Fortune telling by & nbsp; book ''. Maybe he was & nbsp; and & nbsp; right. Collage & nbsp; & mdash; mirror of our life. As the saying goes, it's sur, but & nbsp; this is the political reality.

& mdash; & nbsp; Do you & nbsp; regret that in your time you changed your profession so dramatically?

& mdash; & nbsp; Sometimes it gets sad. Especially when you see what you have achieved in & nbsp; space Elon Musk … But & nbsp; after all, not & nbsp; I & nbsp; alone left the & nbsp; profession. From & nbsp; our issue in the & nbsp; space industry there are units. It wasn't & nbsp; that & nbsp; time was, not & nbsp; cosmic. And & nbsp; here my son, having finished art school, decided not to go to the left. Selected the right side & nbsp; & mdash; graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute and & nbsp; works in & nbsp; specialty. So the & nbsp; country still has a chance to catch up with Musk.

Dossier

Andrey Dorofeev.

Born in & nbsp; Moscow in & nbsp; 1960 & nbsp;

In & nbsp; 1983 & nbsp; graduated with honors from MAI. He served in the & nbsp; naval aviation of the Northern Fleet. Worked in the & nbsp; rocket and space industry.

In & nbsp; AiF & raquo; & nbsp; & mdash; since & nbsp; December 1989 & nbsp;

Author of the books “ The rough tongue of the poster '' (2016), 'A Visual History. From & nbsp; restructuring to & nbsp; coronavirus & raquo; (2020). Favorite mode of transport & nbsp; & mdash; bike. He even received a patent for the invention of a wheel for a folding bicycle.

Exhibition “Media Collages” by Andrey Dorofeev | Photo gallery

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

Exhibition “Media collages” by Andrey Dorofeev | Photo gallery

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

© Collage: Andrey Dorofeev

Источник aif.ru

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