RBC collected data in the regions on the number of refugees who decided to return to the DNR and LNR. In a number of subjects they are paid for travel and provided with the necessary things on the road, and TAPs compile lists of those wishing to “re-evacuate”
How the regions help refugees to return back
Refugees from the DPR, LPR and from the Russian-controlled territory of Ukraine who expressed a desire to return back, the authorities of a number of regions began to return to their homeland in an organized manner.
Government Pskov Regionin mid-August, together with Russian Railways, they organized the transportation to Mariupol of 57 refugees who lived in temporary accommodation centers (TAPs), RBC was told in the press service of the regional government. From Pskov by “reserved railway transport” people first reached Rostov-on-Don, and then were taken to Mariupol. “All those leaving were provided with transport assistance in moving, as well as in carrying luggage and humanitarian aid. All those traveling to the DPR and LPR were provided with food packages and water,” & mdash; specified in the press service. They also noted that people themselves expressed a desire to leave the TAP, as “they planned to repair their houses in the city of Mariupol before the onset of the autumn-winter period.” Many of them have elderly parents left in the territory of the DPR, the regional administration noted. and refugees settled in the Volgograd Region. More than 80 people departed from regional TAPs back to the LPR and DPR, RBC was told in the Committee for Territorial Entities, Internal and Information Policy of the Volgograd Region. “The regional administration organized a transfer from the hotel to the bus station for all of them, bought bus tickets, paid for luggage and issued funds (1000 rubles per person) to pay for travel expenses,” — added there. Buses from Volgograd to Donetsk and Luhansk run on schedule three times a week.
TAP administrations maintain special lists for those wishing to leave for their homeland; after recording in them, the information is transferred to the social protection authorities, a package of documents for the departing person is formed and the necessary payments are made, the committee noted. “At the same time, the queue is not formed, the fastest possible departure is organized for everyone”, — emphasized there.
The press service of the administration of Leningrad region told RBC that in the TAP of the region “there is an opportunity for citizens who left the territories of the DPR, LPR and certain regions of Ukraine to express their intention return to the place of permanent residence».
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To the Commissioner for Human Rights Vladimir Region
strong>Lyudmila Romanova receives appeals “to assist in the relocation of arriving citizens to the regions of Russia or back”; in the DPR, LPR, Ukraine,” RBC was told in its office. In this case, the regional ombudsman works together with the department of social protection of the region and the local branch of the Red Cross. “There were no failures,” & mdash; added there.
In some regions, charitable foundations help refugees return home. So, according to the decision of the operational headquarters Kursk regionthose wishing to return to the DPR, LPR or Ukraine receive financial assistance to purchase tickets through the World of Childhood charity marathon; (money from the “Help to the DPR and LPR” account), the press service of the regional administration said. According to citizens, they are also given non-food items of prime necessity for the duration of their journey to their places of residence, they added.
In the Kaluga region, citizens leaving TAPs pay for train tickets, air tickets, transfers and bus tickets by the Volunteers Charitable Foundation; children»— those wishing to return to their homeland, tickets are purchased to Rostov-on-Don, the regional Ministry of Internal Policy and Mass Communications noted. Tickets are also purchased for those wishing to move to another region. “Citizens are assisted in delivering them to the place of departure. In total, the fund purchased 77 tickets, 37 of them to Rostov-on-Don»,— clarified there.
In the department of labor and social protection of the population Kostroma regionreported that among the citizens of the DPR, LPR and Ukraine, “constant explanatory work is being carried out on the current legislation, including the possibilities and methods of returning to places of permanent residence.”
“A number of decisions on informing arrived citizens about the possibility of departure, with their consent, to the places of their permanent residence. accepted in the Kursk region, RBC was told in the press service of the regional administration.
Reevacuation issues are supervised at the federal level by a specialized government commission, the administration of the Leningrad Region explained: if necessary, a procedure is provided for reserving passenger seats for refugees in regular railway transport.
The Russian Railways press service declined to comment. The Ministry of Emergency Situations noted that the issues are within the competence of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, and forwarded the questions to this department. RBC asked the press service of the Commissioner for Human Rights Tatyana Moskalkova, the press centers of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the FSB for a comment.
“Of course, people are rushing home, they want to go home, it’s not easy for them here. But here another question arises— security <…> Sending people to a zone where hostilities are taking place, in my opinion, is unacceptable, — human rights activist Svetlana Gannushkina told RBC.
How many refugees left Russia
There are no general statistics on how many refugees left the territory of Russia and returned back to the DPR and LPR. Regional departments of the Ministry of Internal Affairs keep records of those deregistered from the migration register, but the fact of deregistration itself does not indicate the refugee's departure from Russia, since he could also move to another Russian region. For example, according to the Nizhny Novgorod Oblast Ministry of Social Policy, about 900 people have left the region: in total, more than 3,000 people are currently there, of which more than 1,800 are accommodated in TAPs.
According to the information of the Migration Department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for Kursk regionas of August 30, out of 9495 registered people, 3107 people returned to their places of permanent residence, RBC was told in the press service of the regional administration.
The Ministry of Internal Policy and Mass Communications Kaluga Region told RBC, that 37 citizens who were forced to leave the territories of the DPR and LPR left the TAP in the region. At least 57 refugees returned home from the Pskov region, with the assistance of the regional government.
The press service of the administration of the Leningrad regionnoted that the issues of crossing the state border are supervised by the Border Guard Service of the FSB. According to FSB statistics, in April—June, 170,000 Russians crossed the border with the Donbass republics on foot, 231,000 people used road transport, and another part— railway. Russian citizens traveling to the republics of Donbass could be from the DPR and LPR who received a Russian passport.
At the same time, the flow of people arriving in Russia is still high— more than 20 thousand refugees a day, a source in the Ministry of Emergency Situations told RBC. At the same time there is an “active exchange”— from the territories where active hostilities are taking place, people come to Russia, and people return to the territories taken under control. “But, as far as one can judge from the numbers, the flow of arrivals is still greater than the flow of those returning,” — RBC's interlocutor noted.
Why do refugees want to go back
The regional authorities interviewed by RBC most often see the main reason for leaving as the desire of refugees to reunite with their relatives. “The main reasons for leaving” restoration of stability (cessation of hostilities, shelling) of settlements, the beginning of the school year, the desire to reunite with the family, & mdash; RBC was told in the committee on territorial entities, internal and information policy of the Volgograd region.
The press service of the administration of the Kursk region named the return to relatives and “employment to work on the restoration of the liberated territories” among the main reasons. The authorities of the Kaluga region also mentioned “concern about abandoned housing” among the reasons for leaving.
Earlier, refugees told RBC about problems with obtaining documents, difficulties in finding housing and work, as well as about the conditions of stay in temporary accommodation centers.
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