What kind of high-precision ammunition 9M544 for “Tornado-S” was used in Ukraine?

Plot RF special operation in Donbass and Ukraine

Russian troops deploy Tornado-S multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) to destroy the positions of the Ukrainian security forces in the east of Ukraine. In a combat situation, a strike was made by guided high-precision 300-mm 9M544 projectiles. Fragments of these munitions were found in the places of shelling.

The first set of serial systems “Tornado” entered the 439th Rocket Artillery Brigade of the Southern Military District three years ago. This is the most modern MLRS for today, which is in service with the Russian army and one of the most powerful in the world. The system was the first to use an automated control and guidance system. This allows you to fire at several different targets with one salvo.

Similarities and differences

Large-caliber “Tornado-S” came to  replace the Smerch multiple rocket launcher  And outwardly, they differ little, including the preserved system and the number of firing guides — 12. The main changes affected ammunition and & nbsp; electronics. “Tornados” and "Hurricane" were used for the most part for fire on areas. The main use case for new combat vehicles — pinpoint strikes with guided munitions on priority targets. Due to this, the accuracy of hitting targets increased, and  the installation entered the class of high-precision weapons, which made it possible to include it in reconnaissance and strike contours of the operational level.

"Tornado-S" solves the tasks of destroying firing positions of enemy controlled strike weapons, command posts, communication centers, aircraft and helicopters at home airfields and jump sites, air defense systems. The warhead of the rocket penetrates armor 140 mm thick.

Smart projectiles

For “Tornado” two high-tech long-range missiles 9M544 and  9M549 with trajectory correction with anti-tank and anti-personnel warheads have been specially developed. Ammunition combines satellite and precision inertial navigation systems. Radically increased and & nbsp; accuracy. Even at the limiting distance, the deviation from the target is only 7-10 m. This is an order of magnitude better than "Smerch". The flight range of 9M544 used in Ukraine is 120 km. The mass of the projectile is 828 kg, it consists of 552 combat elements, each of which has a mass of 0.24 kg and can penetrate armor 140 mm thick due to the cumulative fragmentation effect.

The possibility of using cheap unguided 300-mm ammunition of the previous generation in the ammunition load is also preserved. They are well suited for hitting not point, but large area objects. They have also been improved, so the range of unguided high-explosive fragmentation missiles has increased twice — from 20 to 40 km.

Service electronics

Another difference “Tornado” became the possibility of automatic guidance and & nbsp; shooting. The machine, thanks to a modern satellite navigation system, instantly determines its exact position. Having received the coordinates of the target, the computer calculates all the necessary data for opening fire and directs the guides. The crew does not even need to leave the armored cabin. The capabilities of the new electronics make it possible to place individual MLRS combat vehicles not next to each other, but at a distance from each other. The on-board computer automatically calculates the individual corrections necessary for guidance. So “Tornado” less vulnerable to enemy retaliation. They increase their survivability and the ability of the system to quickly change position in order to get away from the shelling and prepare for shooting again.

Working in team

All the features of “Tornado-S” are revealed when they work as part of the reconnaissance and fire circuit. To do this, instead of a conventional radio station, combat control and communication equipment is installed in the machine. With its help, the crew receives the coordinates of targets via secure channels from a unified tactical level control system. Information in it flows from various means of reconnaissance — ground troops, aviation, drones and technical means of detection.

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Источник aif.ru

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